Project Enlightenment: A Modern Cyber Espionage Case Study

Most cyber attacks affect many victims across several industries.  Our multi-industry case study examines how the report of a single incident uncovered adversaries who, using unwitting, intermediate hosts, conducted a sustained espionage campaign against dozens of private sector targets.

Cyber Squared’s six-month investigation discovered:
  • Over 20 victims were affected by the same threat group.
  • Approximately 50% of the victims were based in the United States.
  • Over 75% of the victims were private entities scattered across 7 diverse and seemingly unrelated industries: law firms, public relations, information technology, mining, maritime, manufacturing, think tanks and associations.
  • The remaining victims, nearly 25%, were public entities: government agencies and international organizations.
  • Attack was systematic. All victims were uniquely tied to Chinese strategic interests at the time of the compromise.
  • None of the victims knew they had been compromised.
  • Victims were probably compromised between 1 and 6 months but possibly longer.
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